Kaid Benfield Archive


Which US cities have the greenest commuting habits?

Kaid Benfield

Posted October 2, 2009 at 1:58PM

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Big-time kudos to Bike Pittsburgh for combing through new census data to extract and rank the commuting habits of the 60 largest US cities.  The data chart on the organization's website, naturally, opens up with the ranking of bicycle commuting:  Portland is number one, with a rate (six percent) astonishingly ten times the national median.  But what is cool for nerds like me is that the table is interactive, cycling to work in the SF Bay Area (by: Stanford University)allowing us to see the rankings and numbers for several other measures important to the environment, including the rankings and percentages of commuters driving alone, those taking public transit, and those walking to work. 

Here are the ten cities that in 2008 had the smallest portions of commuters driving alone to work, and the percentage of workers in each who did so.  The national median for this statistic, sadly, is 74.2 percent, and the national average is 70.1 percent:

  1. New York NY               23.3
  2. Washington DC            37.2
  3. San Francisco CA        38.4
  4. Boston MA                  41.1
  5. Chicago IL                   50.5
  6. Philadelphia PA           50.7
  7. Pittsburgh PA              52.8
  8. Seattle WA                  52.9
  9. Baltimore MD               57.9
  10. Oakland CA                 58.1

New York (no surprise), DC and San Francisco all managed to cut their rates to half the national median or less.  The worst performers among the 60 largest cities, incidentally, were Wichita and Oklahoma City.

new Metrobus in DC (by: Jason Lawson, creative commons license)Here are the top ten performers displayed by the percentage of commuters who took public transit to work.  The national median in the Census's American Community Survey is a sorry 4.5 percent; the average is higher at 9.0 percent (probably because the large, transit-rich population of New York City is included as a raw number).  The rankings are almost identical to those for driving alone:

  1. New York NY                  54.8
  2. Washington DC               35.7
  3. San Francisco CA           31.9
  4. Boston MA                     31.2
  5. Philadelphia                    26.8
  6. Chicago IL                      26.7
  7. Pittsburgh PA                 20.9
  8. Baltimore MD                  19.5
  9. Seattle WA                     17.7
  10. Oakland CA                    17.1

The Big Apple had an impressive rate twelve times the national median; today is Walk to Work Day in Australia (by: The Pedestrian Council)DC's rate was eight times the national median; and San Francisco's was seven times.  The worst performers?  Arlington, Texas at a paltry 0.3 percent, and Oklahoma City and Tulsa at 0.8 percent.

My favorite of the tables, though, is the one for the percentage of commuters walking to work.  Here the national median is 2.5 percent (I'm actually surprised that it's that high) and the average is 3.8 percent.  The city rankings this time are a little different:

  1. Boston MA                   14.3
  2. Washington DC             12.1
  3. Pittsburgh PA               11.1
  4. New York NY                10.3
  5. San Francisco CA           9.4
  6. Seattle WA                    9.3
  7. Philadelphia PA              8.6
  8. Honolulu HI                    7.9
  9. Minneapolis MN             6.1
  10. Baltimore MD                 6.0

It's encouraging to see several cities near or above ten percent and, rooting for the home team, to see DC beat New York (take that, David Owen).  And now that I have seen Honolulu on several lists like this, I'm going to have to stop being surprised.  The worst performers were Bakersfield and Dallas.

The rankings would be even more telling, I think, if they had also included numbers for metro areas in addition to those for people living within city limits.  No doubt we would have less to feel encouraged about, and there probably would be less variation top to bottom.  But Bike Pittsburgh acknowledges the shortcoming, along with some other limitations.  They used the data available, and it's still very interesting to confirm once again that communities that are built (relatively) compactly, with mixed uses, good transit and a decent pedestrian environment, display their merits in good transportation performance.  Go here for data on all 60 cities.